The Fourier Transform of the Sine and Cosine Functions

On this page, the Fourier Transforms for the sinusois sine and cosine function are determined. The result is easily obtained using
the Fourier Transform of the complex exponential.
We'll look at the cosine with frequency f=A cycles/second.
This cosine function can be rewritten, thanks to Euler, using the identity:
Along with the linearity property of the Fourier transform, the
Fourier transform can be easily found:
The integrals from the last lines in equation [2] are easily evaluated using the
results of the previous page.
Equation [2] states that the fourier transform of the cosine function of frequency
The Fourier Transform for the sine function can be determined just as quickly using Euler's identity for the sine function:
The result is:
Note that the Fourier Transform of the real function, sin(t) has an imaginary Fourier Transform (no real part). This is
characteristic of odd functions.

[Equation 1]
[Equation 2]
*A* is an impulse at *f=A* and
*f=-A*. That is, all the energy of a sinusoidal function of frequency *A* is entirely localized at the frequencies
given by *|f|=A*.
[Equation 3]
[Equation 4]

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